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Cannabis, personality disorders

Cannabis has been shown to be effective in treating a number of personality disorders and learning disabilities.

Townwatch UK has recognised that people who suffer from personality disorders benefit from cannabis use, they become more social and have a more stable mood.

We have data showing the therapeutic effects of cannabis. Many trials are going on right now on CBD and its use in psychiatric illnesses. Schizophrenia spectrum patients with a history of cannabis use in their adolescence show better cognitive performance on BACS composite score compared to patients with no adolescent cannabis use history [15. This difference can be due to CBD in cannabis. Compared to THC, CBD has subtle subjective effects and no euphorigenic properties, and it also reduces the efficacy of THC . In one trial, 600-800 mg CBD for four weeks in schizophrenic patients alleviated psychotic symptoms similar to antipsychotic drug amisulpride but with fewer side effects . In another trial, 1000 mg CBD for six weeks in adjunction to antipsychotic medication in stable schizophrenia spectrum diagnosed people showed a reduction in positive symptoms [16,18,22. A study has shown that 1500 mg CBD daily for 26 days is beneficial in treatment-resistant schizophrenia . Three RCTs showed improvement with CBD in both cognition and psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis . These CBD properties can be useful for the tailored intervention of psychosis and schizophrenia with co-morbid cannabis misuse . It may even reduce cannabis use itself by lowering the psychotomimetic effect of THC . Even though CBD shows improvement in positive affect in psychotic individuals, it also increases hallucinations in some cases and worsens negative symptoms . Even after CBD’s therapeutic potential, low efficacy, and safety of cannabis-based medications warrant more extensive trials for more data .

Although use of recreational cannabis (assumed to be high in THC and low in CBD) has been associated with worse outcomes in schizophrenia, several case reports suggested that CBD itself might be beneficial in the treatment of psychosis (35, 36). A more recent cross-sectional report indicated that use of cannabis with high CBD content was associated with significantly lower psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia (32). Research using animal models examining CBD’s anti-psychotic-like properties determined that CBD leads to behavioral responses similar to responses to an atypical antipsychotic drug (35), contributing to interest in testing CBD for its ability to improve symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.

Many people with ADHD also claim that cannabis helps them focus, sleep, or seemingly slow the pace of their thoughts. One analysis of internet threads found that 25 percent of relevant posts described cannabis as therapeutic for ADHD, while 5 percent indicated that it is both therapeutic and harmful 15. Despite some users reporting short-term improvement in symptoms, there is currently no evidence that suggests cannabis is medically or psychologically helpful for managing ADHD in the long-term.

Cannabis can help combat mood swings and encourage social behavior.

Problematic cannabis use may have important direct effects on interpersonal dysfunction. The acute effects of cannabis on working memory, attention, and concentration (Crean, Crane, & Mason, 2011) may impair conversations and interactions individuals have while intoxicated and lead them to avoid certain social settings. Additionally, cannabis-induced alterations in mood and perception may make users less able to show empathy and provide support to their friends while intoxicated; this may also lead them to avoid relationship conflict, which could inhibit the high they experience. Cannabis may also induce an amotivational state (Volkow et al., 2016) that leads users to be anchored to their homes and less willing to take steps to develop relationships or meet up with friends; as such, severe loneliness may be a potential consequence. Cannabis use may contribute to aggression among some users (Moore & Stuart, 2005), perhaps by increasing arousal, paranoia, and disinhibition, or through its effects on attention and information processing (Testa & Brown, 2015). Cannabis withdrawal has also been linked to increased anger and aggression across multiple studies (Budney et al., 2001; Budney and Hughes, 2006; Kouri et al., 1999). Frequent coping-motivated cannabis use could also prevent individuals from developing more adaptive coping skills for handling uncomfortable social situations, relationship conflict, or emotional distress.

Using cannabis can bring on the effects of being ‘stoned’. Some people feel chilled out, relaxed and happy. They may become talkative or laugh a lot, and experience hunger or food cravings (known as ‘the munchies’). Some of the not-so-good effects can include: dry mouth, possible nausea, headache, pranoia and/or anxiety.

Cannabinoid receptors are found in most tissues and organs, but are particularly numerous in the brain. When cannabis is consumed and its cannabinoids act on these receptors, they alter the release of neurochemicals in the brain, which changes how brain cells communicate with each other. This, in turn, affects various processes within our bodies, including appetite, pain, mood, memory and learning.

Cannabis can help reduce anxiety and stress levels.

“Our findings provide some support for the common claim that cannabis is used to reduce stress and relieve tension and anxiety,” Childs said. “At the same time, our finding that participants in the higher THC group reported small but significant increases in anxiety and negative mood throughout the test supports the idea that THC can also produce the opposite effect.”

Although some positive outcomes have been shown in those using cannabis for medical purposes, an analysis of the therapeutic utility of cannabis for treating anxiety symptoms has proven much more challenging. For example, we know that cannabis can have both anxiety-inducing and anxiety-reducing properties:

With the growing legalization of medical cannabis throughout the United States, researchers are often tasked with answering the question of whether cannabis can be useful in alleviating conditions like anxiety-related disorders. Typically, cannabis use will likely worsen anxiety symptoms and interfere with evidence-based treatments, such as exposure therapy. However, preliminary research may suggest some positive benefits. For novice users looking to medical cannabis as an alternative method for anxiety reduction, using CBD is often a recommended starting point, so long as it is managed under the care of both a medical provider and mental health professional.

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